Born on March 5, 1959 in a farmers' family at village Jait in Sehore district, Shri Shivraj Singh holds a Master's in Philosophy (gold medallist of Barkatulla University). His father's name is Shri Prem Singh Chouhan and mother's name is Smt. Sundar Bai Chouhan. He was married to Smt. Sadhana Singh in 1992. They have two sons.
Steeped in patriotism and Indian values Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan is a compassionate person right from early childhood. Shri Chouhan was President of Model Higher Secondary School Students' Union in 1975. He participated in underground movement against Emergency and imprisoned in Bhopal Jail in1976-77 and on several other occasions for political agitations for solution of problems of people.
Shri Chouhan is a volunteer of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.) since 1977. He was appointed Organizing Secretary, Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad (A.B.V.P.) in 1977-78 and was Joint Secretary of the A.B.V.P. in 1978-80. He was General Secretary of the A.B.V.P. from 1980 to 1983, Member of National Executive of A.B.V.P. from 1982 to 1983, Joint Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha from 1984 to 1985, General Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh from 1985 to 1988 and President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, Madhya Pradesh from 1988 to 1991.
Shri Chouhan was elected to the Sate Assembly from Budni Constituency in 1990. Shri Chouhan was first elected Member of Parliament in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha constituency. He was convener of Akhil Bharatiya Keshariya Vahini in 1991-92, General Secretary of All India Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha from 1992 onwards, General Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party, Madhya Pradesh from 1992 to 1994, Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development from 1992 to 1996, Member of Committee on Labour and Welfare from 1993 to 1996 and of Hindi Salahkar Samiti from 1994 to 1996.
Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (second term) in 1996. He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development from 1996 to 1997 and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development, General Secretary of B.J.P., Madhya Pradesh in 1997-98.
Shri Chouhan was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (third term) in 1998. He was Member, Committee on Urban and Rural Development and its Sub-Committee on Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment in 1998-99.
Shri Chouhan was re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (4th term) in 1999. He was Member of Committee on Agriculture in 1999-2000, Member of Committee on Public Undertakings from 1999 to 2001 and National President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2003. He was also the Chairman of House Committee (Lok Sabha) and National Secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party.
Shri Singh was Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Communications from 2000 to 2004. He was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (5th term) in 2004. He was Member of Committee on Agriculture, member of Joint Committee on Offices of Profit, National General Secretary of BJP, Secretary of Parliamentary Board, Secretary Central Election Committee. He also headed Housing Committee of Lok Sabha. BJP and member of Committee on Ethics.
Shri Chouhan was appointed President of BJP, Madhya Pradesh in 2005.
Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan has been organizing religious and cultural activities and seminars. He has been arranging marriages for the poor and orphan girls. He has also been engaged in activities for uplift of scheduled castes, struggle against injustice and development of slums and promoting social harmony.
A farmer by profession, Shri Chouhan is deeply interested in music, spiritual literature, debates and discussions with friends. Sight seeing, listening to songs and watching movies are his favourite pastime. In sports, he likes Kabaddi, cricket and volleyball and is associate with various sports institutions in rural areas.
Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan was sworn in as Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on November 29 , 2005.
Shri Chouhan essayed the role of star campaigner for Bharatiya Janata Party in the elections to the 13th Vidhan Sabha and ensured victory for the party. On December 10, 2008, he was unanimously elected leader of the 143-member of Bharatiya Janata Party legislature party. On December 12, 2008 Shri Chouhan took the oath of the office of Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister and secrecy at Jamboree ground in Bhopal.